Dementia is a degenerative cognitive disorder that manifests as a deficiency in problem solving, sustained attention, and lapses in language and memory, often associated with the later stages of life. Many different conditions have been known to spark the onset of dementia, ranging from traumatic brain injuries to progressive diseases. The normal aging process may simply include experiences with dementia.
In order to diagnose dementia properly, symptoms of dementia must present a history of persisting for a period greater than six months. A referral for specialized neuropsychological testing is usually given and the patient may also have blood work performed in order to rule out nutrition or hormonal imbalances that may be causing similar symptoms if left untreated.
After receiving a diagnosis, medication management and therapy are often coupled with building a supportive network of systems at home that will help to prepare for the gradual progression of this condition. High blood pressure medications have been shown to reduce the effects of dementia significantly, as well as continuously engaging in living an active, healthy lifestyle.